History of Chewing Gum

Thousands of years ago, people chewed gum in its natural form. The most common ancient chewing gum was tree resin lumps, but people chewed various sweet types of grass, leaves, grains, and waxes. Chewing gum has been used in multiple forms and flavors. The ancient Greeks chewed Mastiche; the ancient Mayans chewed the coagulated sap of the Sapodilla tree; North American Indians chewed the sap from spruce trees.

The first commercial chewing gum was made and sold in 1848 by John Bacon Curtis. He called his chewing gum the State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum. John B. Curtis and his brother (to some sources John B. Curtis and his father, John Curtis) came up with the practical idea of making and selling spruce gum as chewing gum. They experimented with spruce tree resin and made a sticky, rubbery material that could be chewed. Then they added flavor to the gum and paraffin for a soft and rubbery feel. The name of John's factory was "Curtis Chewing Gum Factory."

Orginal Dubble Bubble Chewing Gum Vending Machine

On July 27, 1869, Amos Tyler received the first patent in the United States for chewing gum. However, Tyler never sold his gum commercially. An Ohio dentist, William Finley Semple, was honored for this work by using the first patent for manufacturing chewing gum in December 1869. The main ingredients in Semple's gum formula were charcoal and chalk.

In 1869, *Mexican General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna gave Thomas Adams his idea of chicle. Adams tried to make toys, masks, and rain boots out of chicle, but neither of his products was commercially successful. In 1869 he added flavor to the chicle! That was the first step in creating the world's first modern chewing gum! The first mass-marketed chewing gum was called Adams New York Chewing Gum. In the 1870s, Adams & Sons sold "Sour Orange" flavored gum as an after-dinner candy. In 1871 Thomas Adams patented a machine for the manufacture of gum. That year Adams created a licorice-flavored gum called Black Jack. However, all these gums had one big problem. They could not hold flavor.

The problem with holding flavor was not fixed until 1880 when William White combined sugar and corn syrup with chicle. For better taste, he added peppermint extract. William found that peppermint stayed in the gum during chewing for much longer than other flavors. He called his first peppermint-flavored gum Yucatan gum.

Dr. Edward Beeman tried to solve the problem by adding pepsin powder and invented gum that was supposed to serve as a "digestive aid." That was the subsequent significant discovery in the world of chewing gums. This type of gum is still available today.

Also, in 1880, Henry Fleer and Frank Fleer experimented with chicle from the sapodilla tree. Fleer brothers made cubes of the chicle substance and overlayed the cubes with sweet material. They called their invention "Chiclets." Frank Fleer was also the inventor of the world's first bubble gum, Blibber-Blubber gum. However, that gum was too sticky to enjoy and never sold well.

In 1888, Thomas Adams' chewing gum, Tutti-Frutti, was the first chewing gum sold from a vending machine. The first chewing gum vending machine was in one of the New York City subway stations.

In 1891 William Wrigley Jr founded Wrigley Chewing Gum. Existing companies offered similar products that were much more popular than gums from Wrigley's. One day in 1892, Mr. Wrigley got the idea of offering two packages of chewing gum with each can of baking powder. This offer was a huge success! His first two brands were Lotta and Vassar. Juicy Fruit gum came next in 1893, and Wrigley's Spearmint was introduced later that year.

By the early 1900s, with all aspects of manufacturing, packaging, and marketing, modern chewing gum was well on its way to its current popularity. Gum with chicle soon favored spruce and paraffin gum, which held flavors longer and better.

Wrigley's Doublemint was created In 1914 when William Wrigley and Henry Fleer added mint and fruit extracts to chewing gum with chicle. The Wrigley Company was rapidly becoming an international success. Wrigley brands became known the world over. The first factories were established in the United States, and soon Wrigley's Doublemint factories were established in Canada (1910), Australia (1915), Great Britain (1927), and New Zealand (1939).

In 1928, an accountant for the Fleer gum company Walter Diemer attempted to make a new rubber product, but he accidentally found bubble gum that was not sticky. He called it Double Bubble. Double Bubble this gum was based on the original Frank Fleer formula.

In 1951, the Topps Company reinvented the popularity of bubble gum by adding baseball cards to a package, replacing their previous gift of a single cigarette. Children and parents loved this.

In the 1950s, as consumers became more health-conscious, Sugarless gum was introduced. The idea behind sugar-free gum belongs to a dentist, Dr. Petrulis. Those "dentists approved" chewing gums contained Ammonia. This substance counteracted acid, which leads to tooth decay. Dr. Petrulis sold his company to the William Wrigley Co. In the late 1960s, they introduced the first sugar-free bubble gum called Blammo.

As time passed, many experiments were carried out to obtain different types and flavors of gums.

Today, there are hundreds of gum flavors, from classic vanilla to the coke flavor. Many types of gums are available in the market, from gums used for medical purposes to gums that color our teeth. Gums are today made from many different ingredients like pepsin, guarantee, nicotine, etc.

People enjoy chewing gums!

Orginal Dubble Bubble Chewing Gum Vending Machine